My relationship with poems is not as fraught as my relationship with Poetry.
Each poem offers itself, independent of all its potential brethren and I read what I can,
Understand as much as I can and let it be.
Laura Da’ writes poetry which challenges me. In Instruments Of The True Measure I run up against my only rudimentary grasp of US History of the 19th century. It’s a painful encounter – my ignorance colliding with Da’s haunting portraits of specific human suffering and survival of that period.
I read and feel out of my depth. There are so many words I would need to look up: calico, lariat, forelock, sorrel, bandolier, slake, vellum.
As I persist, I begin to make out figures – babies who become boys then young men who find work and traverse the landscape.
I hesitate to tell you what I believe I read because I fear I could be wrong. But there are moments where we see with our own eyes the greedy claims of Manifest Destiny.
From “Greenwood Smoke”
To the south, a surveyor
crosses the river
once called simply
after the shape of its bend,
soon to be baptized anew
with an Irish assessor’s surname. (p.36)
From “The Coming Men”:
the granite corner markers
capped in numbered brass,
marks in the haggard
stands of hardwoods.
Public auction and preemption
scatters two million
Delaware and Shawnee acres. (p. 56-57)
Da’ who is Eastern Shawnee refers us again and again to the role of measurement in the process of conquest. We consider the tools of the surveyor, the authority of the map maker. She shows us a list of 18 treaties between the US government and the Shawnee between 1786 and 1867 and reminds us:
The gore of the battlefield seeps into the ground and is lost; ink on vellum is its approximation. …
Any treaty is an artifact of unimaginable suffering. (“Pain Scale Treaties” p.58)
As I read I learn. I am humbled by the weight of history I have been able to shrug off until now. Because it is no longer ‘someone else’s history’. No, my own history is absolutely bound up in those countless transactions designed to benefit only one kind of people. This is where Laura Da leads me – back to my own responsibility and forces me to consider the extent and limitations of my humanity. Alas, I am back to measurement, not with meridians but the low gray lines of my mental horizon.